By no means is this manual all inclusive. The school retains the right to alter or vary the application of these rules. This handbook is intended to help parents/guardians, students and school personnel work together. Many guiding statements are included in this document but by no means does it cover every situation. As new policies or regulations are developed by the School Board, State, or Federal Statutes, additions and/or deletions will be made to this manual. Every effort will be made by school employees to help students understand what is expected of them.
William H. Barton Intermediate School
- Gwynne Cosh, Principal
- Amanda Denno, Assistant Principal
- Main office: (518) 824-2609
- Mr. Allen
- Mrs. Cruz
- Mr. Henderson
- Mrs. Higley
- Mrs. Lamouree
- Mrs. Moeller
- Mrs. Moore
- Ms. Pratt
- Mr. Rossetti
- Mrs. Wiekierak
- Mrs. Bailey
- Mrs. Bureau
- Mrs. Enny-Tully
- Ms. Gordon
- Mrs. Kitz
- Mr. Lantz
- Mrs. Patton
- Mrs. Smythe
- Ms. Single
- Mrs. Sykes-Bowen
- Miss Booke, Special Education
- Mrs. S. Carpenter, Academic Intervention
- Ms. Eggleston, Special Education/Remote Learning
- Mrs. Gover, PT
- Miss Iantosca, Speech
- Ms. Paradis, Special Education
- Mrs. Adams, OT
- Miss Naylor, Special Education
- Mrs. Roca, ENL
- Mrs. Mootz, Academic Intervention/ Remote Learning
- Ms. Walter, Academic Intervention/ Remote Learning
- Mrs. Rainwater, Academic Intervention/ Remote Learning
Special area teachers
- Mrs. A. Carpenter, Physical Education
- Mr. Cirillo & Mrs. Cirillo, Band
- Mrs. Farley/Mrs. Manor, Art
- Miss Fazio, Librarian
- Miss Tetlak, Vocal/Band
- Mrs. Verheyn, Orchestra
- Mr. Williams, Physical Education
- Mrs. Agans, School Psychologist
- Mrs. Donahue, School Counselor
- Mrs. Pollaro, School Social Worker
- Mrs. Barnaby-Monsour, School Nurse
- Mrs. Chocko
- Mrs. Legault
- Mrs. Sheehan
- Mrs. Wholey
Recent events have made schools aware of the need to pay special attention to school safety. The best school safety efforts involve parents and schools working together. The safety of all students shall be the responsibility of all staff members. The safety of students will be assured through close supervision of students on school premises and on school buses. Special attention will be given to periodic inspections of the physical conditions of all buildings and grounds, offering safety education to students in those areas of instruction which are state mandated. Fire drills (8), Safety Alert Lockdown drills (4) and Bus Evacuation drills (3) will be conducted on a regular basis and at least as often as required by law.
Emergency school closing
When school must be closed for reason of emergency or hazardous driving conditions, the official announcement will be broadcast over local radio and television stations, posted on our district Facebook page and on the district website.
Students should not arrive before 8 a.m.
Students drop off:
- Procedures will remain the same from previous years
- Students may not be dropped off until after 8 a.m. (8-8:10 a.m.)
- Parents/guardians will pull into the middle parking lot and follow the arrows circling around to let their child off at the crosswalk
- There will be a staff member there to cross the students safety into the building
- Parents/guardians may not walk their child to the front door
Students arriving on the bus:
- Students will be released one bus at a time
Students will enter the building through three main entrances
- Gymnasium/gold: Mrs. Enny-Tully, Mrs. Kitz, Mrs. Patton, and Ms. Gordon
- Main entrance/blue: Mrs. Lamouree, Mr. Allen, Mrs. Moore, Mrs. Wiekierak, Mrs. Cruz, Mr Henderson, Mrs. Moeller, Mr. Rossetti, Mrs. Single, Mrs. Sykes-Bowen, Mrs. Bureau, Mrs. Bailey, Mr. Lantz, and Mrs. Higley
- Cafeteria/orange: Mrs. Smythe and Ms. Pratt
Student pick up:
- Student pick up dismissal will be at 2:10.
- This year students will be walked outside and divided into four sections by your child’s last name: A-F; G-L; M-R; and S-Z.
- Pickup will begin before buses arrive.
- When picking up your child please follow the signage and do not pull into the main WHBI parking lot, please use the main roadway and proceed around toward the ballfields.
- Students will be picked up curbside in front of the building.
- There will be two staff members at the far end of the parking lot to greet the parents/guardians in order for a safe and secure sign out and pickup.
- Once you have signed your child out, you will be instructed to drive to pick your child up from their designated location.
Students riding the bus:
- Students will be called down three buses at a time to load
- Students can still utilize the YMCA over at QES. A YMCA staff member will walk the WHBI students over to QES for the afterschool program
Parents planning to visit our school to meet with a teacher must make a prior appointment. Parents will not be allowed to escort their child to his/her classroom prior to the start of school. This is a very busy time and our teachers need to perform a large number of duties prior to morning announcements. All visitors are required to stop at the greeter’s desk, show ID, sign in and receive a visitor’s pass. When you are leaving, please sign out.
Parent/Teacher conferences are listed as per school calendar. Parents/Teachers may schedule additional conferences as necessary.
All students are expected to give proper attention to personal cleanliness and to dress appropriately for school and school functions. Students and their parents have the primary responsibility for acceptable student dress and appearance. Teachers and all other district personnel should exemplify and reinforce acceptable student dress and help students develop an understanding of appropriate appearance in the school setting.
A student’s dress, grooming and appearance, including hair style/color, jewelry, make-up, and nails, shall include but is not limited to:
- Be safe, appropriate and not disrupt or interfere with the educational process.
- Recognize that extremely brief garments, including but not limited to net tops, plunging necklines (front and/or back) and see-through garments are not appropriate.
- Ensure that underwear/undergarments are completely covered with outer clothing.
- Include footwear at all times. Footwear that is a safety hazard will not be allowed.
- Not include items that are vulgar, obscene, libelous, or denigrate others on account of race, color, religion, creed, national origin, gender, sexual orientation or disability.
- Not promote and/or endorse the use of alcohol, tobacco, or illegal drugs and/or encourage other illegal or violent activities.
Nothing in this policy shall be construed to limit the ability of students to wear clothing that allows them to express their gender identity, or to discipline students for doing so.
Each building principal or his/her designee shall be responsible for informing all students and their parents of the dress code at the beginning of the school year and any revisions to the dress code made during the school year.
Students will wear masks throughout the school day. If a student chooses to wear a face shield a mask must be worn to accompany the face shield. It is good practice to carry a spare mask in the student’s backpack. Masks will be provided if a student has forgotten their mask or if they experience a mask malfunction. Students will be provided with many opportunities to take a mask break. Students’ desks will be labeled A or B. For a 10 minute period of time one group will remove their mask and then will put their mask back on and the next group will remove their mask. Students will also be able to remove their mask while utilizing outdoor learning spaces where they will remain a 12 foot distance from classmates. Students will remove their masks during breakfast, snack time, and lunch.
Requirements of admission
In addition to the requirement of age (kindergarten: five years of age on or before December 1st ), all students are required to have a doctor’s certificate for the following immunizations: Diphtheria (DTaP, DTP) – 5 doses Polio (IPV, OPV) – 4 doses or 3 doses if third dose received at 4 yrs or older, Mumps, Measles, Rubella—2 doses Hepatitis B—K-5, 3 doses or 2 dose series ages 11-15 Varicella—2 doses. For further information on vaccinations, please contact our nurse, Mrs. Tubbs. School policy dictates that all Kindergarten children receive a physical prior to entering school. Students in grades K, 1 ,3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 are required to have annual physicals (subject to change per NYS regulations). We encourage parents to have these performed by your family physician. Forms are available in the health office. If you are unable to do so, your child will receive a physical by one of the school physicians, Dr. Daniel Larson. All new students entering the school district are required to have a school physical.
Important information regarding the dispensing of medications
In order to comply with the New York State Law, we would like to inform parents and/or guardians of students attending Queensbury School of the procedures that must be followed when it becomes necessary for a child to take medication during school hours. The medication must be taken to the Health Office by an adult, properly labeled, accompanied by a physician’s order and a parental permission note. This procedure applies to both prescription and nonprescription drugs (i.e., aspirin, cough drops, decongestants, etc.). In the case of a prescription drug, it must be sent to school in the original container, containing a single dose. Exceptions are made when it is necessary for a medication to be taken daily. If you have any questions, please contact the principal or the school nurse.
Student accident insurance program
Queensbury School does subscribe to a student accident insurance, details of which are described in a letter which has been mailed to all families. Please read the policy description carefully, as it does have conditions and limitations
If, during the course of the school year, a family should determine it necessary to move from the school district, the school office should be notified of your relocation plans as soon as possible. We would ask that you come to the school and sign a Record Release Form, authorizing us to forward scholastic records to the school that your child will be attending.
Education law states that all students between the ages of 6 and 16 years, in good physical condition, must attend school. Good attendance promotes good attitudes which helps promote achievement. It is very important that your child arrives on time. Unless an emergency occurs, please schedule doctor and dentist appointments for vacation periods, Saturdays, or after school hours.
We are responsible to the New York State Education Department to account for all student absences from school. Please, if your youngster should be absent from school, provide a written excuse for your child’s absence and have the student present the excuse to his/ her teacher upon return to school. If your youngster is going to be absent from school for an extended period of time ( illness necessitating quarantine, hospitalization, etc.), we would appreciate a telephone message to this effect and a physician’s note in order that we might make plans for his/her educational accommodation (if possible) during his/ her absence. In addition, a written excuse from the parent/guardian(s) will still be necessary, of course, upon his/her return. WHBI believes that attending school on time everyday is essential. Parent/guardian (s) will be notified if a student is consistently tardy or absent. Letters will be generated and sent home when students reach 10, 15, and 20 absences and 15 and 25 tardies. A meeting may be requested with the administration or school counselor when attendance becomes a concern. We believe that communication between school and home is vital for the success of every student. We have found the above procedure to be helpful in creating a correspondence between parent/guardian(s) and school staff. We thank you , in advance, for your willingness to share personal concerns that will ultimately help us to better understand and support your child.
Remote learning attendance
Attendance is an important key to your child’s academic success. Our concerns increase when we see academic performance suffer due to excessive absences, whether they are from the classroom or from remote learning opportunities. Students are expected to log in to each class that is scheduled and attendance will be taken by the teacher. We will follow a tiered approach to attendance in order to support families and students with their remote learning schedule and assignments. Tier 1- the remote learning teacher will reach out to the family when the child has been “absent” from their remote class for 1-2 days. Tier 2- a case manager will be assigned to the student and that person will follow up with the family to meet (virtually or in-person) to come up with a plan to increase attendance and the case manager will monitor student attendance. Tier 3- an administrator will contact the family, develop a plan, monitor the student’s attendance and an attendance letter will be mailed and kept in the student’s file.
The administration discourages the absence of a child from school for reasons other than illness, religious reasons or bereavement. However, we realize that some families go on a vacation during the school year and wish to take their child with them. Parents must notify teachers ten days prior to leaving. Parents must give the teachers one week’s notice to prepare the assignments that the child may wish to complete during his/her absence from school. The child must realize that it is his/her responsibility to complete all assignments required by the teacher. Please note, these absences are considered to be unexcused according to Board of Education policy. A child who is absent from school because of illness or family reasons must also complete all required assignments upon his/her return to school. The amount of time to complete assignments will depend on how many days the student is absent from school. Usually one week is sufficient time to complete required assignments.
The WHBI Spartatude program promotes respectful and responsible behavior that creates a positive school environment where students feel safe and can achieve academic and social success. Strategies are established that help achieve important social and learning outcomes while preventing problem behavior through positive reinforcement and reward. The philosophy is to reinforce targeted behaviors rather than punish or deliver consequences for unwanted behaviors. Through the Spartatude expectations, students learn what is expected of them in the classroom, throughout the school, on the bus and in social settings. When students are “caught” exhibiting these behaviors by teachers and staff, they are rewarded with a Spartatude ticket. Teachers are also asked each month to choose a Spartatude Recipient from the classroom who has displayed Spartatude to have breakfast with Mrs. Cosh, Mrs. Denno and Mrs. Donahue at the end of the month. Students receive a Spartatude certificate signed by administrators and a Spartatude magnet.
In order to earn Spartatude tickets, students should always exhibit these five Spartan Behaviors:
- Be Safe: Keep control of self, including body and choice of words, within all areas of school.
- Be Respectful: Kind and polite when interacting with others; follows classroom and school rules.
- Be Responsible: Prepared each day for school; completes assignments.
- Be Cooperative: Listens, communicates, and gets along with teachers, classmates and others in school.
- Be a Problem Solver: Identifies a problem, brainstorms solutions and then chooses the best solution.
Since traffic is considerable on Aviation Road, we recommend that the students ride our buses. If you choose to transport your child or need to pick him/ her up for a doctor’s appointment we must have a written request. Any change in pick-up or drop locations must be made in writing, or by phone. You must enter the building and sign your child out at the main office or lobby. No child should walk or ride a bike to school unaccompanied by an adult. Please park behind the bus loading zone, behind the chain link fence when picking up your child. The bus slots need to be clear at all times. This includes after school hours until 3:45 p.m.
Beginning the first day of school, all students in WHBI will participate in a daily recess. The recess program, part of the Queensbury School Heart and Lung Fitness Program and the Physical Education Department, will be conducted by classroom teachers with assistance being provided by Mr. Rich Keys, Athletic Director, and members of the physical education staff. The program will ensure compliance with state law mandating daily physical education.
The WHBI Building will be operating on a traditional five day schedule. Your child will participate in Art, Music, Physical Education or Library on the same day each week.
WHBI Tecknow 1:1 Chromebook
Queensbury UFSD has adopted a 1:1 program, which will provide an electronic device (i.e., Chromebook) to each student. These devices will be issued to students at the beginning of the school year and may be taken home for 5th graders only. The devices are expected to be brought to school each day charged and must be returned at the end of the school year.
There is no cost to receive the device, and an insurance option can be purchased at the beginning of the year. An incident fee will be charged every time a hardware repair is required from accidental student damage. Please see the above links for further information regarding procedures, user guides, and incident fees.
New York state testing
The State Education Department has raised student standards and expectations and in turn, so have we! Our state test results have been outstanding for several years, but the new Common Core testing procedures are challenging and revealing. To prepare for this challenge we here at WHBI are becoming proactive rather than reactive. We have prepared our students and teachers for the new formats and over the course of the next five years we are anticipating sound results and continued growth in the various areas.
The testing schedule looks like this, but may be subject to change based on New York State:
- Grades 4 & 5:
- ELA 2021 – Test April 19-26
- Math 2021 – Test May 3- 10
- Grade 4:
- Science 2021 – Performance Test May 15 -June 4
- Written Test, June 7
PTA dues support the Local, State, and National PTA. Membership provides PTA programming at the WHBI school and entitles the member to PTA voting privileges. Membership forms will be sent home with the students in September. Our meetings are only once a month for about an hour. Please consider becoming a member of the PTA even if you cannot attend monthly meetings. There are plenty of ways to get involved at the WHBI and help support our students. We need your support!
If custody of a child is limited by a court order, a copy of that order must be on file at school. Without a signed court order, either parent may be contacted in the event of an emergency, request to see a teacher, view school records or sign a child out of school.
Family life curriculum
This is a New York State mandated curriculum designed to inform students of
the physiology and anatomy of the human body. These health lessons will include discussion of adolescent growth and development.
This event has become a tradition at Queensbury and has provided a sense of pride and fun for all. Each year in early December, Grandparents from all over the United States gather with their grandchildren to kick off our holiday season.
Student breakfast/lunch program
We will be offering a breakfast program to students. We will offer any student the opportunity to purchase a complete breakfast for $1.35. Please note that breakfasts may not be charged onto a student’s account. If your child happens to be on free or reduced lunch due to your economic needs, then breakfast will also be available at a free or reduced rate of $.25. Forms are available at school for those of you who would like to apply. The breakfast will begin at 8:10 a.m. and last until approximately 8:20 a.m. Students who choose to buy school breakfast will enter through the cafeteria line and will bring their breakfast to their classroom to eat.
School lunches are provided at the cost of $2.40. Menus for the month will be sent home via students and also available online on our district website. Students will “place their order” in the morning- they can choose a hot lunch (entree) or an alternative (these will be available on the school lunch calendar). Their lunch will be delivered to their classroom and students will eat at their desks in the classroom. Milk may be purchased separately for $.55 per container. Free and reduced lunch program details and applications have been mailed to all parents. If a family’s economic circumstances suggest eligibility for participation in the free or reduced lunch program, an application may be completed and returned to school. Within ten days after receipt of your application, the school will let you know if your child is to receive a free or reduced price lunch and a free special milk. Application forms may also be obtained from the school office. It will be necessary that those youngsters who wish to purchase a school lunch have money available for that lunch. Credit cannot be extended. If a child should forget or lose his money, we see to it that lunch is provided. But consistent recurrences (beyond five) cannot be accommodated. After five lunch charges, a student will be provided an alternate meal until the charged meals have been paid in full.
P. I. N.
Each child will receive a P. I. N. (Personal Identification Number) for their Breakfast/Lunch account. Money can be placed in the child’s account and each day their purchase of lunch and/or breakfast can be deducted from this account by punching in their own number on a keypad. When the account becomes low, a reminder is given in writing to the student. Money can be added by sending a check or cash to school or parents can add funds online.
The WHBI will be continuing our backpack program for students who are in need of a backpack and school supplies. The goal of the program is to help ensure students receive the classroom supplies they need to be successful at the start of the year. Please contact Mrs. Donahue for further information.
Snack pack program
The Snack Pack program provides food over the weekend to students in need. The snack packs are filled with healthy treats and given to students every Friday. The program is confidential and snack packs are distributed discreetly by staff. Please contact our school counselor, Mrs. Donahue for further information and parent request forms.
School disciplinary procedures
At all times, on school grounds, while en route to or from school, while attending school-sponsored activities, and while under the jurisdiction of the Queensbury Union Free School District, students are under school jurisdiction and are expected to conduct themselves in an orderly, courteous, dignified and respectful manner. In order to maintain a climate conducive to a safe and comfortable education, discipline policies require that students who violate standards be referred to disciplinary action. Disciplinary procedures for disruptive student behavior may require action by the teacher, assistant principal, principal, central office personnel, and/or the School Board. The teacher’s authority extends to all students, whether or not the teacher teaches the student in class. Action taken may include, but is not limited to: Warning/Reprimand Phone Call Stay after school until 3:45 p.m. Conference When a student is suspended from school, the principal or assistant principal will notify the parent in writing of the reason for the suspension and the date(s) of the suspension. A suspension ordinarily will be for a definite number of school days. However, in some instances, the terminal date will be indeterminate, dependent upon actions such as the completion of an investigation, attendance of a parent at a conference, or action by the superintendent, his designee, or School Board. A student who is suspended is denied access to all school premises except with the permission of the principal. A student who violates this provision shall be referred to the proper law enforcement agencies. Student disciplinary files (suspensions and expulsions) are part of the scholastic record and must be forwarded to any other school division to which the student transfers. Please note that certain activities which do not occur while the student is under the jurisdiction of the Queensbury Union Free School District, but which reasonably may be expected to pose a danger to the health or safety of students or school personnel, or disrupt the school environment, may be subject to disciplinary actions. Such misconduct may result in disciplinary action and/or notification of the New York State Police or The Warren County Sheriff’s Department.
Procedural due process in student discipline
Administrators know the importance of fairness in the administration of student discipline. The administration strives to emphasize values of empathy, respect, honesty, acceptance, responsibility and accountability. At times it is impossible to obtain consensus among responsible and harmed parties. Due Process requires that the student be given oral or written notice of the charges against him/ her; an explanation of the evidence the administration has; and an opportunity to present his/her side of the story. The parent of a suspended student may initiate an appeal of the suspension to the superintendent and/or his designee, and, if not satisfied, may submit a written appeal of this decision to the School Board.
The school reserves the right to search a student’s backpack, desk, or person when they have a reasonable basis to believe that the search will result in the finding of evidence dealing with gross disobedience or misconduct.
Dignity for All Students Act
In compliance with the New York State Dignity for All Students Act, students and adults are not to harass, bully, annoy, bother, tease of discriminate against another student; nor will they treat a person differently because of how they look or act. This includes someone’s race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practice, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, or sex. At WHBI we will not tolerate hurting another student or leaving someone out because of any of the named reasons above. This includes hurting someone by physical contact or by hurting a person’s feelings because of any of the above reasons. Any form of discrimination or harassment on school grounds or at a school function will be subject to disciplinary action. Any form of cyberbullying that may cause disruption or interfere with learning at school is also subject to disciplinary action under NYS law. Any student who feels unsafe or feel they have been treated unfairly or any student who witnesses another student feeling this way because of what is or appears to be their race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practices, disability, sexual orientation, gender or sex should immediately tell an adult in the school immediately and when possible help the student who is being hurt.
Definitions of the 11 protected classes under the Dignity for All Students Act
Race – seven categories: (1) Hispanic/Latino; (2) American Indian or Alaskan Native; (3) Asian; (4) Black or African American; (5) Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; (6) White; or (7) Two or more races.
- Color – the color of a person’s skin
- Weight – the size of a person
- National Origin – where you or your relatives were born
- Ethnic Group – being a part of a group of people who are connected by a shared language, culture and/or common religion
- Religion – religious or spiritual beliefs
- Religious Practices – the expression of your religious or spiritual beliefs
- Disability – a person’s body or mind that does not look or work the same as others
- Sexual Orientation – a person liking a girl or a boy
- Gender Identity – How a person feels about being a male or female
- Sex – the differences between how boys and girls bodies
It is the policy of the School District to maintain a learning and working environment that is free of sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is deemed unacceptable conduct in the educational and employment environment and will not be tolerated. Students and district employees should report alleged violations of this policy to the principal immediately.
Student to student harassment
At WHBI we respect individual differences which exist amongst us. Students are not to harass, abuse, bully, tease, threaten, torment, humiliate, or intimidate other students either physically, mentally or emotionally. Actions such as name calling, unwelcome physical contact, and insults are detrimental to a positive school environment, and will not be tolerated. Students are expected to treat each other with courtesy and respect at all times. It is a primary goal of the administration to address bullying of all kinds, which may include physical, emotional, social or cyber bullying. Such actions should be addressed immediately.
All students will feel safe, respected, and will take responsibility for their actions to maintain a positive culture of learning. In support of our student management philosophy, we subscribe to using Restorative Practices. This philosophy emphasizes building relationships and repairing harm caused by conflict and maltreatment. Restorative Practices defines harm as any action that has a negative impact on the physical or emotional well being of those within the school community. The underlying values of the restorative approach are based on respect for the dignity of everyone affected by harm that has been caused. Priority is given to addressing the human needs of participants and empowering them to communicate their thoughts and feelings in an open and honest way. The goal is to build understanding, to encourage accountability and to provide an opportunity for healing. The Restorative Practice process encourages students to take responsibility for their behavior in a meaningful way, to gain insight into the causes and effects of that behavior on others, to change that behavior, and to transition back into the school community. Additionally, the process gives those impacted by the behaviors an opportunity to ask questions, to receive answers, to gain understanding, to explain the impact of the harm on them, and to contribute to the outcome of the process. The restorative process can include the following questions to guide the discussion aimed at repairing harm: Questions to Respond to Challenging Behavior What happened? What were you thinking at the time? What have you thought about since? Who has been affected by what you have done? In what way? What do you think you need to do to make things right?
Board of Education Policy #0100
Queensbury Union Free School District offers employment and educational opportunities, including vocational education opportunities, without regard to a person’s actual or perceived race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practice, disability, sexual orientation, gender (including gender identity or expression), or sex.
Under the Every Student Succeeds Act, parents/guardians have the right to know the professional qualifications of their child’s classroom teachers, including:
- Whether a teacher has state certification for the grade levels and subjects he or she is teaching;
- The teacher’s baccalaureate degree major and any other certifications or degrees; and
- Whether their child receives services from paraprofessionals and, if so, their qualifications
Parents/guardians may request their child’s classroom teacher’s professional qualifications by contacting the Principal of the WHBI, Gwynne Cosh at (518) 824-2609.
Empower all students to be lifelong learners, inspired to pursue their dreams and contribute to the global community.
At the William H. Barton Intermediate School and on the Queensbury campus, we promote our mission statement, as well as the following Core Values: We believe that: Everyone has inherent worth. People are responsible for their choices. Every person is unique and has a gift or talent. Valuing diversity makes the community stronger. Honesty is essential for trust and integrity. Community flourishes when all individuals participate and contribute. Lifelong learning is essential for a meaningful life. Persistence and hard work are attributes of a meaningful achievement.